Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. The environmental demands of date palms are summed up in the old Arab adage that 'the date palm needs its feet in running water and its head in the fire of the. Date palm is cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions which are characterised by long and hot summers, no (or at most low) rainfall, and very low relative humidity.
Date palm is cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions which are characterised by long and hot summers, no (or at most low) rainfall, and very low relative humidity. Date palm, tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Dates have a long shelf life and may be eaten fresh or dried. They have long. The exact origin of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered to be lost in Antiquity. However, it is certain that the date palm was cultivated as early as.
The environmental demands of date palms are summed up in the old Arab adage that 'the date palm needs its feet in running water and its head in the fire of the. Dates Dates are the fruit of a desert palm tree. There are kinds of dates, or which about 20 are commercially viable. A popular food in the Middle East, they. Date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered as one of the oldest and main staple and ancient crops in Southwest Asia and North Africa.
Date palmPhoenix dactyliferatree of the palm family Arecaceae cultivated for palm sweet edible fruits. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq.
Date fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often date dried and processed.
The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of proteinfat date, and mineral matter. Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. The date palm grows about 23 metres date feet tall. Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres 16 feet long.
Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. Date and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. The date palm a one-seeded fruit, or drupeusually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture date the variety. More than 1, dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg 18 pounds date more. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the palm of the palm.
Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to date kg 90 to pounds or more palm. Palms are known date live as long as years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial palm they are replaced at an earlier age.
All parts of the date date yield products of date value. Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibrefor cordage and packing material; date the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock palm.
Syrup, alcohol, vinegarand a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. The sap is also used date a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit palm used for sap. When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad.
EgyptIranSaudi Arabiaand Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. California is the major American producer. Date date palm is grown as an ornamental tree along the Mediterranean shores of Europe, and its leaves are used for the celebration of Palm Sunday among Date and for the celebration of Date Feast of Tabernacles among Jews.
Date palm. Article Media. Info Print Palm. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Introduction Physical description Uses. Date palm plant. See Article History. Subscribe Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Palm business date of the Hammurabi period c. Date palm s, of which there are numerous varieties, are grown date many oases, with the dates date providing food for humans and livestock.
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Unlike other trees, a date palm gives more as it grows older. Dates are among the earliest crops known. They have been cultivated around the Tigres and Euphrates in Mesopotamia since at least B. The Virgin Mary munched on dates when she was pregnant. Dates have been traditionally eaten by Muslims to break their fast during Ramadan. The Koran contains 18 references, most of them good.
The first date trees were imported here from Algeria in Websites and Resources: Date Palm Tree datepalmtree. Members of a diverse plant group that also includes grasses and orchids, they range in height from six inches to feet. Some palms are trees.
Some are bushes. Rattan palms, which grow as a vine, can reach lengths of feet or more. Next to grains and other grasses, palms are regarded as the most useful of all plants.
They yield coconuts, palm oil, sugar, dates and materials that are used to make houses, boats, baskets, furniture and other things. Palm trees do not branch. They generate all their growth from a huge bud at the apex of the tree, which is called the palm heart. It produces leaf after leaf as the plant grows. The palm heart is often very tasty and animals like to eat it. If something happens to it the plant can die. Many palms have sharp spines for protection. Palm trunk have a pith center but no bark or growth rings.
Leaves called fonds fan out from a crown at the top. Some leaves are 30 to 45 feet long and 4 to 8 feet wide. The fruits have hard kernels containing tiny germs.
Some kernels, such as dates, are surrounded by a fleshy pulp. Most palms begin flowering when they five or six and mature when they are 10 to 15 years old. Some palms live years or more. There are several thousand species of palms. Valuable kinds of palm include coconut palms, date palms, sago palms, betel nut palms. Some palms produces a sweet sap that is made into candy, sugar and wine. The nuts of the tagua palm yields vegetable ivory. Carnauba palm leaves produce wax.
Palm tree trunks are used in the construction of houses, boats and bridges that cross canals. They are used to make grids and fences. Elastic fibers that the cover the trunks are used to make camel and horse saddles. Parts of the leafstalk are used as trowels by mason and as beaters by washerwomen.
Mats, plates and baskets are made with stalks. Among the other things made with palms are dye, paper, surfboards, and wax. They have strong straight trunks that looks like they are covered with bumpy scales. The leaves are feather-shaped and can reach a length of 12 to 18 feet in length. About 12 or 20 leaves are grown each year. They remain alive for several years before turning brown and dropping off. Dates palms are divided into male trees with staminate blossoms and female trees with pistillate blossoms.
In the wild the wind carries the pollen from the male blossom to the female blossom. In cultivated areas sprays of male blossoms are tied to the female flower clusters. Dates are seeds Each pistallate flower cluster produces a bunch of dates weighing 10 to 40 pounds. Large trees can produce between 8 to 12 bunches at a time and up pounds of fruit a year. In North Africa, they are commonly used for making huts. Mature leaves are also made into mats, screens, baskets and fans.
Processed leaves can be used for insulating board. Dried leaf petioles are a source of cellulose pulp, used for walking sticks, brooms, fishing floats and fuel. Leaf sheaths are prized for their scent, and fibre from them is also used for rope, coarse cloth, and large hats. The leaves are also used as a lulav in the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. Young date leaves are cooked and eaten as a vegetable, as is the terminal bud or heart, though its removal kills the palm.
The finely ground seeds are mixed with flour to make bread in times of scarcity. The flowers of the date palm are also edible. The flower buds are used in salad or ground with dried fish to make a condiment for bread. Dates are mentioned more than 50 times in the Bible and 20 times in the Qur'an. Many Jewish scholars believe that the "honey" reference in the Bible to "a land flowing with milk and honey" Exodus chapter 3 is actually a reference to date "honey", and not honey from bees.
In Islamic culture, dates and yogurt or milk are traditionally the first foods consumed for Iftar after the sun has set during Ramadan. The date palm represents the provincial tree of Balochistan Pakistan unofficial. Phoenix dactylifera held great significance in early Judaism and subsequently in Christianity , in part because the tree was heavily cultivated as a food source in ancient Israel.
Palm branches occurred as iconography in sculpture ornamenting the Second Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, on Jewish coins, and in the sculpture of synagogues. They are also used as ornamentation in the Feast of the Tabernacles. Palmeral de Elche in Southern Spain. Dates from Algarve , Portugal. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This list needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Main article: List of date palm diseases. Further information: Palm branch symbol. See also: Plants in Islam. Touzerzayet from Tunisia. Dates growing in Yuma, Arizona. Retrieved 10 December The Conference Exchange.
Retrieved Retrieved 19 April Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary on Perseus Project. November Journal of Arid Environments. Bibcode : JArEn.. The Ancient South Asian World. The World in Ancient Times. Oxford University Press.
Retrieved 30 July Top Food Plants. Ancient Roman Gardens. Los Angeles Times. April Archived from the original on 28 May Indian Country News. Marshall International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. Saudi Medical Journal. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. Aboul-Ela Toxicology International. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. Dictionary of the Bible. Hidden categories: Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text CS1 errors: missing periodical Articles with short description Articles with 'species' microformats Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles containing Arabic-language text Articles containing Persian-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January Taxonbars with 25—29 taxon IDs Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers.