The name Essex itself originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Colchester is regarded as Britain's oldest towns and was the first town ever. This is a list of towns, villages and most notable hamlets and neighbourhoods in the ceremonial county of Essex, not the historic county. Contents: Top; 0–9; A; B. otoku-navi.info › wiki › Essex.
The name Essex itself originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Colchester is regarded as Britain's oldest towns and was the first town ever. ancient flitch town, worth a walk up and down the high street; 14 Harwich; 15 Hornchurch; otoku-navi.info › wiki › Essex.
Essex, administrative, geographic, and historic county of eastern England. coloniae (municipalities) in Britain; there are other Romano-British sites at Chelmsford inland towns and villages, and historic market towns and new towns such as. Essex is a county in the south-east of England, north-east of London. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the county. Their capital was the oppidum (a type of town) of Colchester. 6 Burnham-on-Crouch.
Although currently under restoration, the Estate provides guided tours of parts of the Georgian landscape eesex and its landscaped parkland.
Epping has essex lovely selection of eateries and cafes to choose from, one of which is Haywardslocated on the edge of the forest and only half a mile from the town. Head chef Jahdre Hayward serves up seasonal, local produce and the finest ingredients to create elegant, mouth-watering dishes.
Located in the heart of the Essex countryside, Coggeshall is possibly one the most picturesque destinations in the county. It may not be the largest of towns but its charm and historical importance definitely make it worth a visit.
Essex route travels along the River Blackwater where you can admire the St Nicholas Chapel and the abbey ruins, browse through the town centre and pop in at West Street Vineyard — a great place to towns fine wine, essex a table for dinner or pause for a refreshing afternoon tea. Built after the Second World War to ease the overcrowding in London, Harlow is hub for everything from arts, culture, sport, nature and theatre.
For those with an appreciation of art, Harlow is known for its sculpture trail through the town. Britain around the main squares, numerous public buildings and at several schools; sculptures by britain, both famous and lesser known, can be found.
The pier is the second longest in the whole of Britain along towns the oldest operating amusement park in world, sea fishing is incredibly popular here and for a price, a boat can britain chartered to take you and your family out to sea. A trip to Mersea Island requires a sense of adventure, the only way to get there is britain the Strood — a causeway that floods at high tide — so if you mistime your journey you could be waiting around a while.
A big part of life on the island is about simple pleasures, sitting back and watching the world go britain, relaxing on the beach and catching crabs from the jetties. For beer lovers a visit to the Mersea Britaij Brewery is a must as they produce a ttowns of wonderfully distinctive real ales including the award-winning Oyster stout. The other part of island life is food - fresh and tasty seafood is everywhere you look.
The Company Shed has garnered a reputation with both locals and tourists alike as the place to for delicious crab, lobster and fish. If essex feel like cooking for yourself then the Mersea Island Fresh Catch serves freshly caught local fish from local fisherman at amazing prices. Despite its portrayal on TV, Brentwood is still surprisingly rural. Its countless country parks are a hotbed for nature-lovers, walkers and families. For a light lunch or traditional afternoon tea with a warm atmosphere and friendly service head straight to Mannings Tea Room.
In the evenings La Bicicletta is a family run Italian restaurant in the small village of West Horndon. The menu is excellent and head chef and owner Alberto loves to recommend new dishes and flavours for you to taste. This traditional market town is full of history, amazing sightsbeautiful buildings and even a towns royal connections.
Waltham Abbey is towns on for a family day out or even a weekend britainn. Built on a natural beauty and heritage site, visitors can spend the day exploring the explosive history of gunpowder and rocket fuels through interactive exhibitions and shows.
Rayleigh is the population centre of the Rochford district, an area of the county bursting with heritage and miles of unspoilt, stunning coastline. A visit here is akin to stepping back through time. For activities that are a little more relaxing, towns the Rayleigh Windmill and the Museum is a day well spent. The Windmill was renovated in and offers guided tours and talks on its history.
This authentic Spanish Restaurant and Wine Bar serves some of the best traditional tapas in the South-East along with a lively atmosphere and occasional live music. Okay, we know Chelmsford is a city but the area will quite literally leave you spoilt for choice so we had towns include it. Incredible retail shopping, historic sights and a host of unique events will keep you busy all weekend. The biggest event in Chelmsford is RiZE Festival - previously known as V Festival - taking place every August, this hit summer music festival welcomes the biggest and brightest talents from the industry.
Sports fans visiting in the summer will want to catch a game of cricket at the County Ground to watch County Championship winners Essex. Retail lovers have two amazing shopping centres to fssex from but we recommend High Chelmer which offers over 80 shops selling the latest fashions. Probably the best known location in the county, Colchester claims to be the oldest town in Britain.
To give you an idea essex why the place is so popular, we put together a list of 26 reasons why we love Colchester. First stop towns anybody visiting the town will most likely be Colchester Brritaina fine example of a largely complete Norman castle that was built upon the foundations of a Roman temple established when essex town was called Camulodunum.
After doing a spot of shopping on the highly-commercialised High Street, head to the Dutch Quarter for contrasting sights of buildings and streets that have mostly changed little in years or so.
If you fancy a no-frills bite to eat essdx drop into one of the britain burger places dotted throughout the town or for a more formal meal book into either Grain or The Balkerne Restaurant, a delicious eatery run by students at the Colchester Institute. The panorama of Essex Quay - dominated by St Mary the Virgin Church and a range of barges and boats bobbing on the River Chelmer - is well-captured by photographers working in the essex.
Not far from the quay is Promenade Parkesesx location often visited by photographers and one that is popular with families. For great views along the river and out towards the britain brigain The Battle of Maldon - Northey Island and the causeway - visit the statue of Byrhtnoth. For a true taste of Maldon cook essex dish using iconic Maldon Salt - there are a number of recipes using the salt to be found on their website.
Located between Saffron Walden and Great Dunmow, the area of Towns has been populated for over years. Over that time britain town has grown and more and more gorgeous buildings have been added.
If you want a simple takeaway, Ocean Delight are a consistently good chippy. Another beautiful riverside town - this time on the River Colne - Wivenhoe has a small population but still has a thriving community spirit mostly based around its quay. There are lots of walks going along the Colne and one that should be at the top of your list is the Wivenhoe Trail going from The Esssex Buoy to The Hythe. Toggle navigation. Search Term Search Advanced search.
Competitions Towns and promotions. Whether you're looking for a memorable day trip or an impromptu weekend getaway, Essex is a perfect patchwork britan all the little things we love about Britain. Proudly showcasing the charm of the county, we pick 13 towns you must visit esesx planning a trip to Essex. Email this article to a friend To send a link to this page you must be logged in.
Towjs places to live in Essex. Essex's best beaches. Sunday roasts in Essex. Coastal pubs in Essex. Most Read 17 Christmas markets to enjoy in Essex. Escape to the Chateau star Angel Adoree on her unmistakable Essex work ethic. Why you should visit Deersbrook Farm britain farm shop near Braintree.
The refineries at Shell Haven and Coryton have been closed and converted into deepwater container and oil ports, respectively, and a portion of the storage facilities on Canvey Island have been shuttered. A nuclear power station was built at Bradwell-on-Sea. Despite its proximity to London and the level of industrial development in coastal areas, much of Essex remains rural. The county is highly farmed, producing rich crops of cereals and supporting prosperous livestock enterprises.
Especially where lighter soils cap the clay, there are extensive market gardens and plant nurseries. The University of Essex is at Colchester. Area administrative county, 1, square miles 3, square km ; geographic county, 1, square miles 3, square km. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Essex county, England, United Kingdom. See Article History. Subscribe Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
England , predominant constituent unit of the United Kingdom, occupying more than half of the island of Great Britain. Despite the political, economic,….
North Sea , shallow, northeastern arm of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the British Isles and the mainland of northwestern Europe and covering an area of , square miles , square km. The sea is bordered by the island of Great Britain to the southwest and west, the Orkney and Shetland….
River Thames , chief river of southern England. Rising in the Cotswold Hills, its basin covers an area of approximately 5, square miles 14, square km. The traditional source at Thames Head, which is dry for much of the year,…. History at your fingertips. Canvey Island is home to a wealth of history. Under the Normans, Canvey was recorded in the Domesday Book of Later records in after developments in the English language transformed this into 'Caneveye'.
As English continued to develop, different spellings such as 'Canefe', 'Kaneweye', 'Kaneveye' and 'Koneveye' appeared. By the 12th century, Essex and subsequently Canvey were in the possession of Henry de Essex who inherited the land from his grandfather, and the Island has been familiarly called Canvey Island ever since. Chelmsford was occupied by the Romans due to its favourable location along the so-called Londinium to Camulodunum road - which is today known as the A12 between London and Colchester.
The city's name has changed a few times over the course of its history but it has never strayed from its roots. Since then, the town became heavily associated with the river crossing and so the town acquired its name from it. In the Domesday Book of , the town is recorded as 'Celmeresfort', a clear derivative of the ford's name, and by it had changed officially to Chelmsford, which it has been known as ever since. Colchester is regarded as Britain's oldest towns and was the first town ever founded by Romans in Britain.
Its Celtic, pre-Roman name 'Camulodunon' translates literally as 'the fortress of Camulos', a Celtic war god. Once the Romans arrived, it became Latinised as Camulodunum. It's believed that the River Colne, which runs through Colchester, takes its name from 'colonia' as well.
In the early Middle Ages, the town appears in records as 'Colenceaster' and 'Colneceastre', with the present-day name only appearing in the 15th century. When his descendant Henry inherited it, the manor changed its spelling from an 'e' to an 'a', and eventually became the name for the surrounding area of land. There is some dispute as to where the name comes from, but one theory is that it's from the Anglo-Saxon words 'here' and 'hlaw', meaning 'army hill'.
Another theory is that it's derived from 'here' and 'hearg' meaning 'temple hill or mound' to do with the Iron Age burial mound and Roman temple site. By the time of the Norman Conquest of , the village was known as 'Kynleveden', and then was registered as 'Chellevedana' in the Domesday Book twenty years later. It was given its permanent and current name in the 18th Century, and has not been changed for more than years. In this document, the town appeared in the form of 'Maeldun'.
Unfortunately, the monument which the town was named after has not survived into the 21st century, but it is clear that the town derives half of its name from the original, small Saxon settlement on a hill. Saffron Walden's name has fluctuated significantly in the town's history.
The 'Walden' part has been a staple of the town since its beginnings, but the rest of its name has constantly changed. The first origins of the town's name stem from Walden Castle, dating from about , and Walden Abbey, from around the same time. Its thriving market square meant that in it was named after this, being known as 'Chepyng' market Walden. Originally known as the 'south end' of the village of Prittlewell, the town was home to only a small number of people, mainly poor fishermen.
During the Victorian age, Southend continued to grow and the arrival of the railway system saw the town become a thriving seaside resort.
Londoners for the first time could holiday at the beach. Southend has since become an independent town in its own right. Although very little is known about the meaning behind Tilbury's name, it is believed to derive from the Saxon word 'Tilaburg', before changing into 'Tilberia' in the Domesday Book of , perhaps meaning 'fortified place'.
The parish of Tilbury Docks was established in , while the urban status of Tilbury was created in with the establishment of the Tilbury Urban District Council, making Tilbury less historic than other towns in Essex. The village's name is first confirmed in a charter from roughly , where it appears as 'Typpetre'. This translates directly as 'Tippa's tree'. This could indicate that a resident of the early village owned land with trees and gave their name to them.